Encountering A Merge

A Merge is when two or more commits/revisions are brought together, here we have some following examples and how to fix them.

Example Problem 1

When each commit was carried out at the same time a merge may be required.

Stage1: User 1 carries out some file changes and starts to write a commit message.
Stage2: User 2 also carries out certain file changes and begins to write their commit message. User 1 has carried out a hg push, and the the repository has been updated.
Stage3: User 2 carries out a hg push, discovers a merge error because the repository has been updated whilst they were typing/submitting a commit.

Solving This Problem

Once Stage 2 has been reached the following actions must take place to solve the merging problem.

1. The user receives a error message during a hg push, first step is to carry out a hg pull -u,

C:\Documents and Settings\Owner\project>hg pull -u

This will updated your computer with the commit that was carried out by User 1 during your commit.

2. Now we shall carry out a hg heads, this will give us info on recent commits, this info should give us Two commits,

C:\Documents and Settings\Owner\project>hg heads

r2 (Most Current Revision User 2)

r1 (Previous Revision User 1)

One Commit will be the commit from User 1 and the other being from User 2.

3. Once we have Two heads we can carry out a hg merge, this will now merge both commits/revisions together,

C:\Documents and Settings\Owner\project>hg merge

4. Once the merge is complete then it will ask you to carry out a commit to info that you have merged,

C:\Documents and Settings\Owner\project>hg commit -m "Merged r1 and r2" 

5. Finally you can now carry out a hg push,

C:\Documents and Settings\Owner\project>hg push

Checking a Merge

You may check if the merge was successful out by looking at the timeline graph for your Project.

This can be found by following a link formed like this,


Project = The name of your project.